The Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden is a quarterly international journal primarily devoted to systematic botany and evolutionary biology. We encourage submissions of original papers dealing with significant advances in the taxonomy, phylogeny, biogeography, paleobiology, and evolution of plants, and in conservation genetics and biology, restoration ecology, and ethnobiology, using morphological and/or molecular characters, field observations, and/or database information. We also welcome reviews and papers on conceptual issues and new methodologies in systematics. Important floristic works will also be considered. Symposium proceedings discussing a broader range of topical biological subjects are also published, typically once a year. All manuscripts are peer-reviewed by qualified and independent reviewers.