Taxonomic Treatment of the Tillandsia utriculata Complex (Bromeliaceae)

  • Juan P. Pinzón Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán
  • Ivón M. Ramírez-Morillo Centro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán, A. C.
  • Germán Carnevali Centro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán, A. C.
  • Walter Till University of Vienna
  • Derek Butcher Fulham, Australia
  • Juan J. Ortiz-Díaz Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán
Keywords: Bromeliaceae, Neotropics, taxonomy, Tillandsia, Tillandsioideae


The taxonomic treatment of the 18 species composing the Tillandsia utriculata L. complex s.l. is presented. A description and a diagnosis of the group are provided, as well as two artificial keys to species, each emphasizing characters from living plants or from exsiccatae, respectively. Complete taxonomic information is given, including taxonomic citation, synonymy, etymology or eponimy, description, specimens examined, phenology, nomenclatural notes, relationships and diagnostic characters, variation, ecology and distribution, together with plates of living plants and vegetative and reproductive structures, as well as maps of distribution.

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